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TOP > Research > 2010/11

"Special Promotion Project (TOKUSUI Project)" sponsored by The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT)

"A Comprehensive Empirical Study on the Three-Level Civil Society Structure and Governance in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Germany, and China in Comparative Perspective" (FY2005-till FY2009)

 

This research analyzes the structure of civil society in Japan with comparison in US, Korea, Germany and China using a holistic and empirical approach. It clarifies the interaction between politics and society. The structures sought in this study include components that delve into the three different levels of civil society. Based on the empirical surveys from comparative and historical standpoints, this research envisages a framework/model that will reflect and capture Japanese modern civil society.


Three levels of the civic organization are composed of the following:  1) neighbor based traditional organizations such as autonomous societies including clubs for child and elderly, 2) existing social organizations, and 3) emergent new form of bodies including NPOs and NGOs. Using different strategies, the investigation will be conducted as follows: in Japan the survey for each body will be investigated holistically, likewise in Korea, US, Germany, and China. The survey will be conducted by selecting three different locations per country. Based on the theoretical interaction of civil society, social capital, network policy, and governance, the study will be carried out through survey questionnaire that includes the following items: the attribution of the leader or party, the relation between other political or administrative actor, citizen and resident, the mutuality of the three levels of the civil society, evaluation assessment, action towards policy, credibility, and communality.

 

http://tsujinaka.net/tokusui/index.html


"Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) Project (Kaken Kiban S Project)" sponsored by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)

"A Comparative and Empirical Study of the Structural Changes in Politics and Transformations in Pressure Groups, Policy Networks, and Civil Society in Japan since 2009" (FY2010-till FY2014)

 

This multi-level research investigates how the series of recent political fluctuations in Japan, such as the change in government (2009) and following changes in public policy, impacted the policy process and civil society. Given that the political landscape has shifted, it is expected that changes will initially arise in the attitudes of pressure groups that obtain benefits by using their close ties with the government and parties. Concurrent with such changes are anticipated shifts in the policy networks among actors, and along with decentralization, such as transformations will spread to local governments, grass-roots interest groups, and civil society organizations.

 

The purpose of this project is to systematically survey 1) pressure groups, 2) policy networks, 3) local government and civil society, and from these three levels to identify the fluctuations in the structure of Japanese politics and shifts in the relationship between politics and society. This type of multi-dimensional empirical study that incorporates time-series comparisons from various perspectives is rare. Using modern Japan after the year 2009 as a case, this project will undertake such a study.


http://tsujinaka.net/kibans/

 


"Special Research Project on CIVIL SOCIETY, THE STATE AND CULTURE IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE -New Values in the Age of Globalization and Reconstruction of the Public"

This project deals with the challenges put forward by the advent of globalization. It clarifies issues regarding how to establish communal value and base, and the way to search public policy based on the identification of new communality. It takes into account cross-disciplinary and multi-methodology researches from Humanities and Social Sciences.

 

http://csc.social.tsukuba.ac.jp/csc/en/index.html